Core Elements of Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship Programs

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Optimizing the use of antibiotics is critical to effectively treat infections, protect patients from harms caused by unnecessary antibiotic use, and combat antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic stewardship programs can help clinicians improve clinical outcomes and minimize harms by improving antibiotic prescribing. The Core Elements are intended to be an adaptable framework that hospitals can use to guide efforts to improve antibiotic prescribing. The assessment tool that accompanies this document can help hospitals identify gaps to address.

Laboratory Assessment – Targeted Assessment for Prevention (TAP) Facility Assessment Tool; Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI)

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

The questions in this section are laboratory-specific and should be directed to the facility’s laboratory director or other staff that have knowledge of the
practices at the laboratory that performs the facility’s C. difficile testing.

U.S. National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria (National Action Plan)

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

The National Action Plan directs federal agencies to accelerate response to antibiotic resistance by presenting coordinated, strategic actions to improve the health and well-being of all Americans across the One Health spectrum. It has pushed transformative improvements across the country that strengthen and expand the ability to respond to these threats. The National Action Plan supports five main goals: 1. Slow the Emergence of Resistant Bacteria and Prevent the Spread of Resistant Infections; 2. Strengthen National One Health Surveillance Efforts to Combat Resistance; 3. Advance Development and Use of Rapid and Innovative Diagnostic Tests for Identification and Characterization of Resistant Bacteria; 4. Accelerate Basic and Applied Research and Development for New Antibiotics, Other Therapeutics, and Vaccines; and 5. Improve International Collaboration and Capacities for Antibiotic-Resistance Prevention, Surveillance, Control and Antibiotic Research and Development.