How to Rebuild, Reengage and Reenergize Your Patient and Family Advisory Council (PFAC)

Prepared by IPRO

In recent months, hospitals have begun to reengage their Patient and Family Advisory Councils (PFACs) after the adverse impact that the COIVD-19 pandemic had on their healthcare systems, including the ability to have in-person PFAC meetings. As a result, some hospital PFACs are even better and stronger than ever before. Wills Memorial Hospital, a 25-bed critical access hospital (CAH) located in Washington, GA will present on the rebuilding and reenergizing of their PFAC, identifying and prioritizing several key areas of concern, and implementing projects based on greatest need.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

  • Explain the five Patient and Family Engagement metrics and other key measures of the Hospital Quality Improvement Contractor (HQIC) program.
  • Discuss the PFAC infrastructure and the importance of listening to the patient’s voice to improve patient care.
  • Illustrate how one hospital implemented training for the patient care team based on PFAC discussions and how the training has improved quality outcomes.

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Patient Stories Collection: Infectious Diseases

Compiled by IPRO

The following are websites where you can find patient stories related to infectious diseases:

1. Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). IDSA Home [Internet]. Patient Stories: The Faces of Antimicrobial Resistance; [cited 2023 Aug 8]. Available from: https://www.idsociety.org/public-health/patient-stories/patient-stories/.

2. Pew Charitable Trusts. The Pew Charitable Trusts | The Pew Charitable Trusts [Internet]. True Stories of Antibiotic Resistance; 2017 Nov 13 [cited 2023 Aug 8]. Available from: https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/articles/2017/11/true-stories-of-antibiotic-resistance-3-personal-perspectives.

3. National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID). NFID [Internet]. Real Stories, Real People – NFID; [cited 2023 Aug 8]. Available from: https://www.nfid.org/resources/real-stories-real-people/.

4. Sepsis Alliance [Internet]. Faces of Sepsis; [cited 2023 Aug 11]. Available from: https://www.sepsis.org/education/patients-family/faces-of-sepsis/.

5. Summa Health | Nonprofit Healthcare System in Akron, Ohio [Internet]. Infectious Disease Patient Stories | Summa Health; [cited 2023 Aug 11]. Available from: https://www.summahealth.org/specializedservices/infectious-diseases/patient-stories

6. Cleveland Clinic [Internet]. Infectious Disease Patient Stories | Cleveland Clinic; [cited 2023 Aug 11]. Available from: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/patient-stories/infectious-disease

7. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital [Internet]. Infectious Diseases Treatment Patient Stories; [cited 2023 Aug 11]. Available from: https://www.stjude.org/treatment/disease/infectious-diseases/patient-stories.html

8. Patient Stories and Patient Safety [Internet] CDC. Published September 13, 2023. [Cited September 18, 2023]. Available from: https://blogs.cdc.gov/safehealthcare/category/patients/

9. COVID-19 Patient Stories. [Internet] www.hopkinsmedicine.org. [Cited September 18, 2023]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/coronavirus/patient-stories

10. HQIC Antibiotic Stewardship Workgroup: Clostridioides difficile Module. [Internet] IPRO NQIIC. [Cited September 18, 2023]. Available from: https://qi.ipro.org/2022/04/21/hqic-antibiotic-stewardship-workgroup-clostridioides-difficile-module/

IPRO HQIC PFE LAN: Applying PFE Best Practice 5 to Reducing Unplanned Readmissions, June 2023

Prepared by IPRO HQIC

The June PFE Learning and Action Event focuses on ways the implementation of patient and family advisory councils, or the inclusion of patient and family advisors on hospital committees, can be applied to your hospital’s efforts to reduce unplanned readmissions.

Communicating With Doctors and Nurses While in the Hospital: A Tool for Patients and Family Caregivers to Improve Patient Safety

Prepared by the IPRO HQIC Patient Safety Committee

Two-way communication between clinicians and patients plays a critical role in delivering high-quality care and ensuring a positive experience. Developed by the IPRO HQIC Patient Safety Committee*, the goal of this tool is to help patients and their care partners clearly communicate with their healthcare team. Patients can use this tool to plan for and document conversations with a doctor or nurse. The tool has three sections: (1) a set of communication tips for patients; (2) a guide to help patients plan for conversations with their healthcare team; and (3) suggestions for how patients can use their notes from conversations with their health care team. Clinicians can also use this tool to invite and encourage patients to communicate clearly with their healthcare team so that they are partners in their care.

*The IPRO HQIC Patient Safety Committee is composed of patients, family caregivers, and quality improvement specialists from states participating in the IPRO HQIC. 

Connecting PFE Best Practices to All-Cause Harm Reduction

Prepared by AIR for IPRO

This tool provides a crosswalk of the five Person and Family Engagement Best Practices being implemented by HQIC hospitals with the eight all-cause harms that HQIC hospitals are working to reduce. This tool provides a table of examples demonstrating how each PFE Best Practice can be used to engage patients in actions that contribute to the reduction or prevention of each of the eight all-cause harm areas. Not every hospital may need to apply all five PFE Best Practices to every all-cause harm. Hospitals can identify patients at greatest risk of any harm to prioritize partnership at the point of care (PFE Best Practices 1, 2, & 3). Additionally, harm measurements of concern for the hospital may be the focus of partnership in hospital operations (PFE Best Practices 4 & 5). For user convenience, each Row of the table (showing how a single PFE Best Practice can be applied to all eight all-cause harms) has been separated in Appendices A – H, and each Column of the table (showing how each all-cause harm can be applied to the five PFE Best Practices) has been separated in Appendices I – M.

Connecting PFE Best Practices to All-Cause Harm Reduction

APPENDIX A: SEPSIS

APPENDIX B: CAUTI

APPENDIX C: CLABSI

APPENDIX D: C DIFFICILE AND ANTIBIOTIC STEWARDSHIP

APPENDIX E: ADVERSE DRUG EVENTS

APPENDIX F: UNPLANNED READMISSION

APPENDIX G: PRESSURE INJURY

APPENDIX H: OPIOID STEWARDSHIP/BEHAVIORAL HEALTH

APPENDIX I: PFE 1

APPENDIX J: PFE 2

APPENDIX K: PFE 3

APPENDIX L: PFE 4

APPENDIX M: PFE 5

IPRO HQIC PFE LAN: Reducing Harms Through the Five PFE Best Practices – March 16 @ 12:00 pm – 1:00 pm

Prepared by AIR for IPRO HQIC

This learning event focuses on how the PFE Best Practices can be used to partner with patients and designated family caregivers to avoid harms during their hospital stay. Guest speakers share their personal experiences using PFE Best Practices to avoid harms. The event also introduces a new tool to help hospitals apply the five PFE best practices to reducing all-cause harms.

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Pre-recorded Learning Modules on Person and Family Engagement

Prepared by AIR for IPRO HQIC

What is Person and Family Engagement and Why Does it Matter?

This presentation outlines the benefits of PFE to improve care and shows how hospital staff can invite patients and families to become partners with them in direct care or in general hospital improvement. A list of resources is shared at the end of the presentation. A transcript is available to accompany the recorded presentation in the IPRO HQIC Resource Library.

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How Can Person and Family Engagement Practices Help Reduce All-Cause Harms in Hospitals?

This 14-minute presentation expands on engaging patients and families to be partners and focuses on using PFE as a quality improvement strategy that can assist in reducing all-cause harms (e.g., falls, pressure injuries, infections) in the hospital. The presentation introduces the
five PFE Best Practices required by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services for hospitals enrolled in the Hospital Quality Improvement Contract (HQIC). It explains how these best practices can be implemented and applied to improve patient safety at the hospital. A list of
resources is shared at the end of the presentation. A transcript is available to accompany the recorded presentation in the IPRO HQIC Resource
Library.

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Identifying and Supporting Patient Representatives on a Quality Improvement or Patient Safety Committee

Prepared by AIR for IPRO HQIC

The September PFE Learning and Action Event explores how patient and family representatives can contribute to QI or patient safety initiatives. The one-hour session explains the roles and responsibilities of patient and family representatives and teaches hospitals how to recruit and prepare patients and family members to participate in meaningful ways on committees, including helpful onboarding resources. Patient and family representatives also share their experiences serving on committees and provide practical guidance on how to better support representatives.

Guide for Hospitals to Complete the Person and Family Engagement Assessment for the IPRO Hospital Quality Improvement Contract

Prepared by AIR for IPRO HQIC

Hospitals leaders and staff who are either providing information for, or completing the PFE Assessment, can use this guide to determine if they are implementing the five PFE Best Practices, and understand how best to choose survey responses about the five PFE Best Practices.