Implementation of Antibiotic Stewardship Core Elements at Small and Critical Access Hospitals

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

This document provides guidance on practical strategies to implement antibiotic stewardship programs in small and critical access hospitals. The suggestions provided are based on discussions with staff in small and critical access hospitals, several of which have implemented all of the CDC Core Elements.

Core Elements of Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship Programs

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Optimizing the use of antibiotics is critical to effectively treat infections, protect patients from harms caused by unnecessary antibiotic use, and combat antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic stewardship programs can help clinicians improve clinical outcomes and minimize harms by improving antibiotic prescribing. The Core Elements are intended to be an adaptable framework that hospitals can use to guide efforts to improve antibiotic prescribing. The assessment tool that accompanies this document can help hospitals identify gaps to address.

Guidelines for the Prevention of Intravascular Catheter-related Infection (BSI)

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

These guidelines have been developed for healthcare personnel who insert intravascular catheters and for persons responsible for surveillance and control of infections in hospital, outpatient, and home healthcare settings. The guidelines provide a summary of recommendations to prevent Intravascular Catheter-Related Infections.

Guideline for Prevention of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI)

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

This document is intended for use by infection prevention staff, healthcare epidemiologists, healthcare administrators, nurses, other healthcare providers, and persons responsible for developing, implementing, and evaluating infection prevention and control programs for healthcare settings across the continuum of care. The guideline can also be used as a resource for societies or organizations that wish to develop more detailed implementation guidance for
prevention of CAUTI.

Quality Improvement (QI) and Care Coordination; Implementing the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Intended to help healthcare systems integrate the Guideline and associated quality improvement (QI) measures into their clinical practice. Offers primary care providers, practices, and healthcare systems a framework for managing patients who are on long-term opioid therapy.

CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Provides recommendations for the prescribing of opioid pain medication for patients 18 and older in primary care settings. Recommendations focus on the use of opioids in treating chronic pain (pain lasting longer than 3 months or past the time of normal tissue healing) outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care. The guideline addresses patient-centered clinical practices including conducting thorough assessments, considering all possible treatments, closely monitoring risks, and safely discontinuing opioids. 

Designing and Delivering Whole-Person Transitional Care; The Hospital Guide to Reducing Medicaid Readmissions

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

Reducing readmissions is a national priority for payers, providers, and policymakers seeking to improve health care and lower costs. Readmissions are a significant issue among patients with Medicaid. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) commissioned this guide to identify ways evidence-based strategies to reduce readmissions can be adapted or expanded to better address the transitional care needs of the adult Medicaid population. The guide has been field tested by individual hospitals and groups of hospital quality improvement collaboratives. Based on a series of coaching and feedback calls with hospitals, the second release of this guide has been updated to provide updated tools and clearer guidance on who should use the tools and what to do with the output of the tools. It also offers new tools that can be used in the day-to-day working environment of hospital-based teams and cross-setting partnerships.

Hospital Guide to Reducing Medicaid Readmissions Toolbox

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

Offers in depth information about the unique factors driving Medicaid readmissions and a step-by-step process for designing a locally relevant portfolio of strategies to reduce Medicaid readmissions. Toolkit includes patient and family interview process.

Strategy 4: Care Transitions From Hospital to Home: IDEAL Discharge Planning

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

Discharge from hospital to home requires the successful transfer of information from clinicians to the patient and family to reduce adverse events and prevent readmissions. Engaging patients and families in the discharge planning process helps make this transition in care safe and effective. Strategy 4: Care Transitions From Hospital to Home: IDEAL Discharge Planning highlights the key elements of engaging the patient and family in discharge planning.