The Michigan Opioid Safety Score (MOSS): A Patient Safety and Nurse Empowerment Tool

Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing

The Michigan Opioid Safety Score (MOSS) was developed to incorporate patient risk, respiratory rate, and sedation into one bedside score that could be used to improve patient safety during inpatient opioid therapy. Scoring is based on a summation of risk data with objective bedside measures of over-sedation trumping a patient’s subjective reports of pain.